Disease

Author: Brandon Eden

Biochemistry enables one to navigate the through the biological hierarchy with ease and have a greater understanding of not just how, but why cells, tissues, and organs carry out their specific roles. The key benefit to having this greater understanding is to have the ability to troubleshoot when things go wrong. Knowing biochemistry is essential to pinpointing the etiology of diseases and finding a cure.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a less typical form of arthritis characterized by pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints, and is most common in the hands. Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the immune system attacks the linings of joints. However, research has not yet shown a definitive cause of this autoimmune disorder.

Influenza has been unusually bad this year and the amount of hospitalizations due to influenza are the highest the CDC has seen since they began recording data. Influenza is a contagious respiratory infection that infects the nose, throat, and lungs, and can lead to more severe cases such as pneumonia. This contagious illness is caused by various virus strains, and most influenza cases this year are due to the H3N2 strain.

A rare form of dementia known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease occurs in elderly patients and causes failing memory, behavioral changes, lack of coordination, weakness of extremities, and 90 percent die within one year of diagnosis. This rare disease is caused by a prion, which leads to a mass of insoluble proteins that penetrate the brain and cause loss of neuronal cell function.

 

Resources:

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0024678/

 

https://www.niaid.nih.gov/diseases-conditions/influenza

 

https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/892240

 

https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Creutzfeldt-Jakob-Disease-Fact-Sheet

 

 

 

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