Many viruses have the ability to infect humans through blood contact and cause different types of diseases. One of these viruses, is the hepatitis C virus (HCV) which is transmitted through the use of contaminated syringes and needles and high-risk sexual behavior. As of today, the suffering from chronic hepatitis is surrounding the planet and there are no current vaccines for this disease causing agent.
In case of an exposure, the viral infection will have to go through different stages within the liver till it causes cirrhosis and liver failure if ignored by the victim. Individuals with weak immunity are more vulnerable, so it is very important to have regular checkups. Even though you may become infected with HCV, the strategies to prevent cirrhosis do exist. Eating a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables and doing regular daily exercises. Also, stopping alcohol consumption to prevent liver shocks since the liver is already infected with the virus. The biggest part of the prevention plan is to completely finish the antiviral prescribed treatment in order to get a higher sustained virological response (SVR).
Overall, the victim’s life is depending on the progression of this viral infection. By completely understanding the infectious viral particles, researchers will find better treatments and cures. The current treatment is depending on different antiviral pharmacological drugs such as pegylated interferon, ribavirin, simeprevir, and sofosbuvir. These treatments are long and can cause intolerable side effects.
Many researchers such as Bartenschlager helped in the advancement of science and the understanding of this virus. The research continues to better understand the NS3-4 and NS5B enzymes within the viral genome. These enzymes are believed to cause the divergence and resistance in the HCV. This part of the genome is the focus of many researchers and someday, someone will find the cure that many HCV infected patients are awaiting.
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